Journal Review in Colorectal Surgery Local Excision for Rectal Cancer

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Journal Review in Colorectal Surgery Local Excision for Rectal Cancer
Mar. 12, 202334:19
You have a patient who underwent local excision of a rectal cancer. Final pathology demonstrates a T2 lesion. What is the rate of local recurrence? Is excision alone sufficient? Should the patient undergo radical resection or should chemoradiation be offered? Tune in to find out!
Join Drs. Peter Marcello, Jonathan Abelson, Tess Aulet and special guest Dr. Jose Guillem MD, MPH, MBA as they discuss high yield papers discussing local excision for Rectal Cancer. Learning Objectives 1. Describe the features that increase risk of lymph node involvement in early stage rectal cancer 2. Discuss the different options for management of early-stage rectal cancer 3. Describe patient related factors that favor local excision of rectal cancer References: Kidane B, Chadi SA, Kanters S, Colquhoun PH, Ott MC. Local resection compared with radical resection in the treatment of T1N0M0 rectal adenocarcinoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015 Jan;58(1):122-40. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000000293. PMID: 25489704. Garcia-Aguilar J, Renfro LA, Chow OS, Shi Q, Carrero XW, Lynn PB, Thomas CR Jr, Chan E, Cataldo PA, Marcet JE, Medich DS, Johnson CS, Oommen SC, Wolff BG, Pigazzi A, McNevin SM, Pons RK, Bleday R. Organ preservation for clinical T2N0 distal rectal cancer using neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and local excision (ACOSOG Z6041): results of an open-label, single-arm, multi-institutional, phase 2 trial. Lancet Oncol. 2015 Nov;16(15):1537-1546. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00215-6. Epub 2015 Oct 22. PMID: 26474521; PMCID: PMC4984260. Friel CM, Cromwell JW, Marra C, Madoff RD, Rothenberger DA, Garcia-Aguílar J. Salvage radical surgery after failed local excision for early rectal cancer. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002 Jul;45(7):875-9. doi: 10.1007/s10350-004-6320-z. PMID: 12130873. Nascimbeni R, Burgart LJ, Nivatvongs S, Larson DR. Risk of lymph node metastasis in T1 carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Dis Colon Rectum. 2002 Feb;45(2):200-6. doi: 10.1007/s10350-004-6147-7. PMID: 11852333. O'Neill CH, Platz J, Moore JS, Callas PW, Cataldo PA. Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery for Early Rectal Cancer: A Single-Center Experience. Dis Colon Rectum. 2017 Feb;60(2):152-160. doi: 10.1097/DCR.0000000000000764. PMID: 28059911. Please visit to access other high-yield surgical education podcasts, videos and more.