Journal Review in Trauma Surgery: Gun Violence

EP. 552Dec. 08, 202221:29
Join our Miami Trauma team including Drs. Urréchaga, Neeman, and Rattan as they dive into the literature regarding a topic that has become all too common to the US news cycle- gun violence. They will go over a recent paper from JAMA and include other important literature while trying to understand this complex problem that has been grappling US public policy. 

Quick Hits:

1.     Firearm injury is the leading cause death in the US among ages 1-19
2.     For every person killed violently by someone else with a firearm, there are 3 survivors. 
3.     Gun ownership triples the risk of homicide
4.     Permit laws and preventing people convicted of a violent crime from owning a firearm decrease firearm-related death and have a positive ripple effect even outside state borders. In short, for effective reductions of firearm-related injury and death, federal legislation will be more effective than state-by-state


1.     Liu, Y, Siegel, M, Sen, B. Association of State-Level Firearm-Related Deaths With Firearm Laws in Neighboring States. JAMA Network Open. 2022;5(11):e2240750. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.40750
2.     Goldstick, JE, Cunningham, RM, Carter, PM. Current Causes of Death in Children and Adolescents in the United States. N Engl J Med. 2022 May 19;386(20):1955-1956. doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2201761. 

3.     Kellermann, AL, Rivara, FP, Rushforth, NB, Banton, JG, Reay, DT, Francisco, JT, Locci, AB, Prodzinski, J, Hackman, BB, Somes, G. Gun Ownership as a Risk Factor for Homicide in the Home. N Engl J Med 1993; 329:1084-1091. DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199310073291506

4.     Liu Y, Siegel, M, Sen, B. Neighbors do matter: between-state firearm laws and state firearm-related deaths in the US, 2000-2017. Am J Prev Med. 2020;59(5):648-657. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2020.06.022
5.     Siegel, M, Pahn, M, Xuan, Z, et al. Firearm-related laws in all 50 US states,1991-2016. Am J Public Health.2017; 107(7):1122-1129. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303701
6.     Kalesan, B, Mobily, ME, Keiser, O, Fagan, J, Galea, S. Firearm legislation and firearm mortality in the USA: a cross-sectional, state-level study. Lancet. 2016 Apr 30;387(10030):1847-55. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01026-0.

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