Journal Review in Minimally Invasive Surgery: Robotic Emergency General Surgery

EP. 640Jul. 10, 202335:45
Minimally Invasive
Minimally Invasive
Have you transitioned a portion of your practice to the robot, but would be hesitant to book an urgent/call case on the robot? Have you wondered if the robot might be useful in your emergency or acute care surgery practice? Join University of Washington MIS Surgeons, Drs. Andrew Wright, Nicole White, and Nick Cetrulo, and Resident Drs. Ben Vierra and Paul Herman as they discuss the growing use of the robot for acute cases and provide tips on appropriate case selection. 

1.     Andrew Wright, UW Medical Center – Montlake and Northwest, @andrewswright 
2.     Nick Cetrulo, UW Medical Center - Northwest, @Trules25 
3.     Nicole White, UW Medical Center - Northwest 
4.     Paul Herman, UW General Surgery Resident PGY-3, @paul_herm 
5.     Ben Vierra, UW General Surgery Resident PGY-2 

Learning objectives:  
- Describe the importance of the MIS approach in EGS 
- Review 3 articles on robotic EGS outcomes 
1) Robotic surgery in emergency setting: 2021 WSES position paper 
2) Emergent robotic versus laparoscopic surgery for perforated gastrojejunal ulcers: a retrospective cohort study of 44 patients 
3) Urgent robotic subtotal colectomy for severe acute ulcerative colitis has comparable periop outcomes to laparoscopic surgery 
- Discuss factors influencing appropriate case selection for urgent/emergent robotic cases 
- Discuss value as it pertains to robotic EGS 

1.     Havens JM, Peetz AB, Do WS, Cooper Z, Kelly E, Askari R, Reznor G, Salim A. The excess morbidity and mortality of emergency general surgery. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2015 Feb;78(2):306-11. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000000517. PMID: 25757115. 
2.     Scott JW, Olufajo OA, Brat GA, Rose JA, Zogg CK, Haider AH, Salim A, Havens JM. Use of National Burden to Define Operative Emergency General Surgery. JAMA Surg. 2016 Jun 15;151(6):e160480. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2016.0480. Epub 2016 Jun 15. PMID: 27120712.  
3.     Arnold M, Elhage S, Schiffern L, Lauren Paton B, Ross SW, Matthews BD, Reinke CE. Use of minimally invasive surgery in emergency general surgery procedures. Surg Endosc. 2020 May;34(5):2258-2265. doi: 10.1007/s00464-019-07016-1. Epub 2019 Aug 6. PMID: 31388806. 
4.     Sheetz KH, Claflin J, Dimick JB. Trends in the Adoption of Robotic Surgery for Common Surgical Procedures. JAMA Netw Open. 2020 Jan 3;3(1):e1918911. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.18911. PMID: 31922557; PMCID: PMC6991252.  
5.     de'Angelis N, Khan J, Marchegiani F, Bianchi G, Aisoni F, Alberti D, Ansaloni L, Biffl W, Chiara O, Ceccarelli G, Coccolini F, Cicuttin E, D'Hondt M, Di Saverio S, Diana M, De Simone B, Espin-Basany E, Fichtner-Feigl S, Kashuk J, Kouwenhoven E, Leppaniemi A, Beghdadi N, Memeo R, Milone M, Moore E, Peitzmann A, Pessaux P, Pikoulis M, Pisano M, Ris F, Sartelli M, Spinoglio G, Sugrue M, Tan E, Gavriilidis P, Weber D, Kluger Y, Catena F. Robotic surgery in emergency setting: 2021 WSES position paper. World J Emerg Surg. 2022 Jan 20;17(1):4. doi: 10.1186/s13017-022-00410-6. PMID: 35057836; PMCID: PMC8781145.  
6.     Robinson TD, Sheehan JC, Patel PB, Marthy AG, Zaman JA, Singh TP. Emergent robotic versus laparoscopic surgery for perforated gastrojejunal ulcers: a retrospective cohort study of 44 patients. Surg Endosc. 2022 Feb;36(2):1573-1577. doi: 10.1007/s00464-021-08447-5. Epub 2021 Mar 24. PMID: 33760973.  
7.     Anderson M, Lynn P, Aydinli HH, Schwartzberg D, Bernstein M, Grucela A. Early experience with urgent robotic subtotal colectomy for severe acute ulcerative colitis has comparable perioperative outcomes to laparoscopic surgery. J Robot Surg. 2020 Apr;14(2):249-253. doi: 10.1007/s11701-019-00968-5. Epub 2019 May 10. PMID: 31076952. 
8.     Gangemi A, Danilkowicz R, Bianco F, Masrur M, Giulianotti PC. Risk Factors for Open Conversion in Minimally Invasive Cholecystectomy. JSLS. 2017 Oct-Dec;21(4):e2017.00062. doi: 10.4293/JSLS.2017.00062. PMID: 29238153; PMCID: PMC5714218. 
9.     Bhama AR, Wafa AM, Ferraro J, Collins SD, Mullard AJ, Vandewarker JF, Krapohl G, Byrn JC, Cleary RK. Comparison of Risk Factors for Unplanned Conversion from Laparoscopic and Robotic to Open Colorectal Surgery Using the Michigan Surgical Quality Collaborative (MSQC) Database. J Gastrointest Surg. 2016 Jun;20(6):1223-30. doi: 10.1007/s11605-016-3090-6. Epub 2016 Feb 3. PMID: 26847352. 

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