Episode 542

Clinical Challenges in Thoracic Surgery: Anterior Mediastinal Masses

EP. 542 •

Nov 10

• 28 MIN

Clinical Challenges in Thoracic Surgery: Anterior Mediastinal Masses

OVERVIEW

In this episode, our team provides a comprehensive review of the differential diagnosis for mediastinal masses, their workup, and biopsy considerations. Listen as we dive deeper into the perioperative planning and operative approach for resection of these masses with special considerations for patients with thymoma. 

Learning Objectives:

-Discuss the differential diagnosis of a mediastinal mass

-Review the workup of a mediastinal mass

-Outline indications for biopsy and describe the various approaches

-Describe the operative techniques for thymectomy, pearls & potential pitfalls  

Hosts:

 Megan Lenihan MD, Kelly Daus MD, Peter White MD, and Brian Louie MD

Referenced Material

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21847052/

Detterbeck FC, Nicholson AG, Kondo K, Van Schil P, Moran C. The Masaoka-Koga stage classification for thymic malignancies: clarification and definition of terms. J Thorac Oncol. 2011 Jul;6(7 Suppl 3):S1710-6. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e31821e8cff. PMID: 21847052.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33468329/

Ahmad U. The eighth edition TNM stage classification for thymic tumors: What do I need to know? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2021 Apr;161(4):1524-1529. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2020.10.131. Epub 2020 Nov 13. PMID: 33468329.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34695605/

Marx A, et al. The 2021 WHO Classification of Tumors of the Thymus and Mediastinum: What Is New in Thymic Epithelial, Germ Cell, and Mesenchymal Tumors? J Thorac Oncol. 2022 Feb;17(2):200-213. doi: 10.1016/j.jtho.2021.10.010. Epub 2021 Oct 22. PMID: 34695605.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/22882218/

Meriggioli MN, Sanders DB. Muscle autoantibodies in myasthenia gravis: beyond diagnosis? Expert Rev Clin Immunol. 2012 Jul;8(5):427-38. doi: 10.1586/eci.12.34. PMID: 22882218; PMCID: PMC3505488.

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/34339670/

Raja SM, Guptill JT, McConnell A, Al-Khalidi HR, Hartwig MG, Klapper JA. Perioperative Outcomes of Thymectomy in Myasthenia Gravis: A Thoracic Surgery Database Analysis. Ann Thorac Surg. 2022 Mar;113(3):904-910. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2021.06.071. Epub 2021 Jul 30. PMID: 34339670.

Ad referenced in episode: A team at the Brooke Army Medical Center is working to better define proficiency-based metrics for competency in commonly performed general surgery procedures. If you are a PGY4/5 general surgery resident or practicing surgeon who performs robotic assisted cholecystectomies or inguinal hernia repairs, reach out to the PI, Robert Laverty, MD, at [email protected], for more information on how you could be compensated up to $400 for recording and submitting those videos.

Please visit https://behindtheknife.org to access other high-yield surgical education podcasts, videos and more.  

If you liked this episode, check out other clinical challenge episodes here: https://behindtheknife.org/podcast-series/clinical-challenges/

Listen on:
Watch on:
SHARE: