Episode 417

Clinical Challenges in Endocrine Surgery: Genetic Testing for Thyroid Cancer

EP. 417 •

Nov 11

• 54 MIN

Clinical Challenges in Endocrine Surgery: Genetic Testing for Thyroid Cancer

OVERVIEW

In this episode from the Endocrine Surgery team at BTK we discuss the clinical applications of genetic testing for thyroid cancer. We walk through three cases of thyroid nodules and discuss why and how genetic testing can guide surgical and medical management. As usual we review key points such as imaging criteria for thyroid nodules, the Bethesda system for thyroid cytopathology, and MEN syndromes. We also go into a more nuanced discussion of how progress in genetic testing has led to more variability in management options. 
            
Dr. Michael Yeh is a Professor of Surgery at UCLA and serves as Section Chief of the UCLA Endocrine Surgery program which he established. 

Dr. Masha Livhits is an Assistant Professor of Surgery at UCLA and works in the Endocrine Surgery Department 

Dr. James Wu is an Assistant Professor of Surgery at UCLA and works in the Endocrine Surgery Department 

Dr. Rivfka Shenoy is a PGY-5 General Surgery Resident at UCLA who has completed two years of research 

Dr. Vivek Sant is an Endocrine Surgery Fellow at UCLA in his first year of fellowship

Important Papers 

Catherine Y Zhu, Ines Donangelo, Deepashree Gupta, Dalena T Nguyen, Joana E Ochoa, Michael W Yeh, Masha J Livhits, Outcomes of Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules Managed Nonoperatively after Molecular Testing, The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, Volume 106, Issue 3, March 2021, Pages e1240–e1247, https://doi.org/10.1210/clinem/dgaa887

Xing, Mingzhao & Alzahrani, Ali & Carson, Kathryn & Viola, David & Elisei, Rossella & Bendlova, Bela & Yip, Linwah & Mian, Caterina & Vianello, Federica & Tuttle, R & Robenshtok, Eyal & Fagin, James & Puxeddu, Efisio & Fugazzola, Laura & Czarniecka, Agnieszka & Jarząb, Barbara & O’Neill, Christine & Sywak, Mark & Lam, Alfred & Sykorova, Vlasta. (2013). Association Between BRAF V600E Mutation and Mortality in Patients With Papillary Thyroid Cancer. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 309. 1493-501. 10.1001/jama.2013.3190.

Wells SA Jr, Asa SL, Dralle H, et al. Revised American Thyroid Association guidelines for the management of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Thyroid. 2015;25(6):567-610. doi:10.1089/thy.2014.0335

Wang JR, Zafereo ME, Dadu R, Ferrarotto R, Busaidy NL, Lu C, Ahmed S, Gule-Monroe MK, Williams MD, Sturgis EM, Goepfert RP, Gross ND, Lai SY, Gunn GB, Phan J, Rosenthal DI, Fuller CD, Morrison WH, Iyer P, Cabanillas ME. Complete Surgical Resection Following Neoadjuvant Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib in BRAFV600E-Mutated Anaplastic Thyroid Carcinoma. Thyroid. 2019 Aug;29(8):1036-1043. doi: 10.1089/thy.2019.0133. PMID: 31319771; PMCID: PMC6707029.

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