Clinical Challenges in Breast Surgery: Surgical Management of Metastatic Breast Cancer

EP. 549Dec. 05, 202234:53
De novo metastatic breast cancer represents 6% of all new breast cancer diagnoses. This figure has not changed at all over the past 20 years; however, systemic therapy options have evolved dramatically during this time and have significantly increased life expectancy for these patients. While surgical management of the primary tumor in the setting of metastatic disease has typically been reserved for palliative indications, surgeons are now being asked to consider resecting the primary tumor to potentially increase overall survival. In this episode, we will use a case study to examine the data that should inform our conversations and decisions when we encounter patients with metastatic breast cancer who are interested in having their primary tumor resected.

§  Khan, S.A., S. Schuetz, and O. Hosseini (2022). Primary-Site Local Therapy for Patients with De Novo Metastatic Breast Cancer: An Educational Review. Ann Surg Oncol; 29: 5811-5820.
§  Khan, S.A. et al (2022). Early Local Therapy for the Primary Site in De Novo Stage IV Breast Cancer: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial (E2108). J Clin Oncol; 40(9): 978-987.
§  Badwe, R. et al (2015). Locoregional treatment versus no treatment of the primary tumor in metastatic breast cancer: an open-label randomized controlled trial. Lancet Oncol; 16: 1380-1388.
§  Fitzal, F. et al (2019). Impact of Breast Surgery in Primary Metastasized Breast Cancer: Outcomes of the Prospective Randomized Phase III ABCSG-28 POSYTIVE Trial. Ann Surg; 269(6): 1163-1169.
§  Soran, A. et al (2018). Randomized Trial Comparing Resection of Primary Tumor with No Surgery in Stage IV Breast Cancer at Presentation: Protocol MF07-01. Ann Surg Oncol; 25: 3141-3149.

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