Episode 668

BIG T Trauma Series Ep. 18 – Rib Plating Update

EP. 668 •

Oct 16

• 27 MIN

BIG T Trauma Series Ep. 18 – Rib Plating Update

OVERVIEW

Has the pendulum swung too far?  Is it time to put the drill down??  Or, drill, baby, drill!  While the number of rib plating cases has exploded the data supporting the practice is less-than-stellar.  On this episode of the BIG T Trauma series Drs. Patrick Georgoff, Teddy Puzio, and Jason Brill bring you up to speed on rib plating.

If you haven’t already, we recommend you listen to Behind the Knife episode 298, published in May 2020. (https://behindtheknife.org/podcast/big-t-trauma-series-ep-10-rib-fractures/)  This episode covers comprehensive management of rib fractures, including multimodal pain control, regional blocks, pulmonary toilet, BiPAP, etc.  

REFERENCES:
GUIDELINES
EAST PMG Rib Plating (2017): https://www.east.org/education-resources/practice-management-guidelines/details/rib-fractures-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-of-update-in-process
EAST PMG Rib Fracture Non-Surgical Management (2022): https://www.east.org/education-resources/practice-management-guidelines/details/nonsurgical-management-and-analgesia-strategies-for-older-adults-with-multiple-rib-fractures-a-systematic-review-metaanalysis
Chest Wall Injury Society Guidelines (2020): https://cwisociety.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/CWIS-SSRF-Guideline-01102020.pdf

FLAIL/UNSTABLE CHEST
Operative vs Nonoperative Treatment of Acute Unstable Chest Wall Injuries: A Randomized Clinical Trial, JAMA 2022: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamasurgery/fullarticle/2796556
Prospective randomized controlled trial of operative rib fixation in traumatic flail chest, JACS 2013: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23415550/
Surgical versus conservative treatment of flail chest. Evaluation of the pulmonary status, Interact Cardiovasc Thoracic Surg 2005: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/17670487/
Surgical stabilization of internal pneumatic stabilization? A prospective randomized study of management of severe flail chest patients, J Trauma 2002: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11956391/
Surgical Rib Fixation of Multiple Rib Fractures and Flail Chest: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, J Surg Research 2022: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35390577/
Surgical versus nonsurgical interventions for flail chest, Cochrane Review 2015: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/26222250/

NON-FLAIL CHEST
Randomized Controlled Trial of Surgical Rib Fixation to Nonoperative Management in Severe Chest Wall Injury, Ann Surgery 2023: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/37317861/
Rib fixation in non-ventilator-dependent chest wall injuries: A prospective randomized trial, J Trauma 2022: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35081599/
A multicenter, prospective, controlled clinical trial of surgical stabilization of rib fractures in patients with severe, nonflail fracture patterns (NONFLAIL), J Trauma 2020: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31804414/
Operative versus nonoperative treatment of multiple simple rib fractures: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Injury 2020: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32650981/

Please visit https://behindtheknife.org to access other high-yield surgical education podcasts, videos and more.  

If you liked this episode, check out the rest of the BIG T Trauma episodes here: https://behindtheknife.org/podcast-series/big-t-trauma/

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